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Prolonged sitting or standing can lead to various vascular Disease: Health expert

Dr. Narendranadh,

Hyderabad, 28th August 2019: Healthcare experts have indicated that prolonged sitting or standing can lead to various vascular related diseases. Particularly, Varicose veins is major diseases that is affecting more than 20 per cent of population across the globe.

Speaking about this, Dr Narendranadh Meda, Vascular Surgeon, KIMS Hospital, Hyderabad said, “Any vein can become varicose. However, the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs and feet. This is because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body. Varicose veins may also signal a higher risk of other circulatory problems. Presence of varicose veins can also cause edema due to the increase in the pressures in the column of blood in the vessels. It is therefore important to take precautions including avoiding sitting or standing for too long.”

Adding further, Dr Dr Narendranadh Meda said, “Apart from dark purple or blue colored and bulging veins, other symptoms of varicose veins include an achy or heavy feeling in the legs; burning, throbbing, muscle cramping, and swelling in the lower legs; worsening of pain after sitting or standing for a long time; itching around one or more of the veins; and skin discoloration around a varicose vein. The condition is diagnosed through a physical examination or an ultrasound to check for any blood clots. There is a need to raise awareness on timely treatment and the availability of minimally invasive procedures such as radiofrequency ablation therapy to treat varicose veins. ”Statistics indicate that varicose veins affect 15% to 20% of the world population and about 5% of Indians are suffering with varicose veins. Particularly adults who are obse and involved in works that keep them in prolonged sitting and standing position will increse the rise of suffering from blood clot leading to vascular diseases. There is a need to raise awareness on the fact that sitting or standing for too long can lead to swollen veins due to increased pressure," said Dr. Narendranadh.

Some of the available treatment options for varicose veins include endovenous laser therapy (ELVT)[4] and radiofrequency ablation therapy (RFA). Ablation means the use of heat to damage the tissue, which causes scar tissue to form. In the RFA technique, radiofrequency energy is used to heat up and damage the wall inside a vein. This creates a varicose vein in the leg to shrink and collapse. The procedure does not cause much pain or bruises and enables quicker recovery. Other options include venous ligation and stripping, and phlebectomy.

Treating varicose veins using a medical adhesive is the latest advancement in treating varicose veins. It is a minimally invasive procedure in which a catheter is guided through a small access site in the leg and into the diseased area of the vein. Once this is done, the medical adhesive is administered at various points in a segmental fashion, and the vein is closed with manual compression. The process requires less time and helps in faster recovery.

Tips to prevent varicose veins includes:

  • Stimulate blood circulation in your legs by taking regular walks.

  • It is important to lose that excess weight to avoid pressure on the legs. Follow a low-salt diet to prevent swelling caused from water retention.

  • Low-heeled footwear helps exercise the calf muscles more and are hence, better for the veins.

  • Avoid wearing clothes that are tight around the waist, legs, or groin.

  • Take short breaks between work to elevate your legs above the level of your heart. You can lie down with your legs resting on three or four pillows.

  • Avoid sitting or standing for long. Change your position frequently to encourage blood flow.

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